Infiltration/Inflow Source Removal Program

  1. Project Overview
  2. Frequently Asked Questions
  3. Project Update

Overview


The Infiltration/Inflow/ (I/I) Source Removal Program is a multi-year/multi-phase project that will investigate sources of I/I throughout the City of Framingham.

The City is required by the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) to identify and remove sources of rainwater runoff and groundwater that enter the sanitary sewer system. 

Inflow is rainwater or groundwater that enters the sewer system through a direct, piped connection or leaking manhole covers. It is clean water that does not need to be treated as wastewater.

Infiltration is groundwater that enters the sewer system through broken or leaking pipes or leaking sewer manholes. It is clean water that does not need to be treated as wastewater. 

The City’s Wastewater Master Plan identified areas where flow data suggests inflow issues (i.e., flow increases in response to a rainfall event). The 2019 Private Source Inflow Removal Concept Report conducted investigations in those areas and identified over 100 specific potential sources that are suspected of discharging clean water into the sewer system.

How does the City detect Inflow and Infiltration?


Detect Infiltration

  • Closed Circuit Television Video (CCTV) - Placing a camera into sewer pipes and recording their condition. 
  • Sewer Manhole Inspections - Remove the cover of the manhole and inspect for visible cracks or leaks.
  • Flow Metering - Install a meter in the sewer pipe to measure the flow (sewerage and infiltration that travels through the pipe. 

Detect Inflow

  • Dye Testing - Pouring a non-staining dye into a suspected source (roof downspouts, sump pumps, and floor drains). A source is confirmed if the colored dye is observed in the sewer system. 
  • Building Inspections - City personnel will enter a building to verify if a sump pump is improperly connected to the sewer system. 

Depending on where the confirmed source is detected from, appropriate action is taken to eliminate the source from discharging into the sewer system.

Wastewater Division - Operation and Maintenance Activities

The City’s Wastewater Division conducts the following operational and maintenance activities to detect and remove I/I.  

TYPE OF ACTIVITY







2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Sewer Camera Inspections (Linear Feet)
118,438
124,918
105,540
109,466

Number of Manholes Repaired
197
55
85
159

Number of Sewer Mains Repaired
26
42
43
33

Sewer Main Replaced (Linear Feet)
1,630
2,870
5,253.5
5,665

Sewer Main Lining/CIPP Lining (Linear Feet)
4,100
8,375
24,540
4,560


Dye shown in a sewer manhole



The City conducted Dye Testing in October 2019.  This type of testing involves pouring a non-staining dye into the suspected drain or downspout. A source is confirmed if the colored dye is observed in the sewer system (as pictured to the left).


Infiltration DETECTED via CCTV inspection

[Closed Circuit Television Video (CCTV) footage that depicts a cracked sewer lateral connection at the sewer main. This crack is allowing groundwater to infiltrate into the sewer system. This footage was recorded by the Framingham Wastewater Department. ]